Question 1: Description

Free Preview

Descriptive Writing

Question 1: You will describe a person, place, event, or thing.

In your answer, you must make a clear reference to the person, place, event, or thing you are describing.  After you have made your statement, support your answer with details and examples. In other words, use language to paint a picture for the readers to enjoy.

You should organize your essay with an introductionbody paragraphs, and a conclusion

The first paragraph, or the introduction, should have no more than three or four sentences.  The first sentence introduces the personplaceevent, or thing you will describe (The topic).  We generally call the first sentence the “hook” or the “catch.” The second sentence gives background information to help reader’s understand the context.  The third sentence tells readers why the personplace, event, or thing is important to the writer (The Thesis Statement).

The body paragraphs should provide clear details to support your answer. Use adjectives and adverbs to make your subject come alive. Prepositions and prepositional phrases will help establish location and relationships. Comparisons will help develop perspective.

It is also important to decide how you are going to organize your answer; by order of importance, time, or space. Read more.

In your conclusion, restate your main idea, summarize, and leave a closing remark. Remember, no new information in the conclusion.

A Simple Outline

The example below is a full outline of a short essay. On a timed writing test, you will not have the time to write a complete outline, but you should at least write a scratch outline. In a scratch outline, you generally just write a working thesis statement, and topic sentences (See highlighted areas below).

Introduction

  • The hook – use an interesting fact, or a quote; give reader a reason to continue
  • Background – give brief information to introduce your thesis statement
  • Thesis statement  – state clearly the direction you will take with the topic / optional: include points of development

Body Paragraphs

Write a topic sentence on the first point of development

  • Provide details, examples, reasons, illustration, or facts to support your topic sentence.
  • Conclude and lead into the next paragraph

Write a topic sentence on the second point of development

  • Provide details, examples, reasons, illustration, or facts to support your topic sentence.
  • Conclude and lead into the next paragraph

Write a topic sentence on the third point of development (optional)

  • Provide details, examples, reasons, illustration, or facts to support your topic sentence.
  • Conclude and lead into conclusion

Conclusion

  • Restate the thesis statement
  • Summarize main points
  • Final thought

Assignment

Your essay should be three to five paragraphs or about 300 words. That should take you about 30 minutes. If it takes you longer, don’t worry, you can work on speed later.

When you are ready, click on the link below, read the question, and begin to write. On a real test, you will be given 30 minutes to planwrite, and rewrite.

After you have submitted your essay, your teacher will score it according to the TOEFL Scoring Guide. He will also give you some ideas and tips on how you can improve.

Then you can rewrite your essay, and your teacher will re-score it.

(Please allow 1 to 2 business days).

When you are ready to write your first response, click on VIEW QUIZ.

Helpful links

Back to: Practice TOEFL Writing > Writing Tasks